Friday, 08 July 2011 08:39

Rhodes Churches and Byzantine Monuments

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the-knights-castle-of-rhodesMedieval town of Rhodes: The first move of St John knights was to built fortifications against the Turkish invasion. The castle of the city of Rhodes was built semi-circular around the central port of the city. It was split into two parts. The one part was inhabited by Greeks, Francs and Jews and the other part was inhabited by the knights. Until the 14th century the old castle was repaired but when the first cannons appeared the fortification was strengthened. Inside the castle hundreds of buildings are saved unharmed, providind a glance at the city of the 14th century AD. The medieval city of Rhodes is declared by Unesco a monument of world heritage.

Palace of the Grand Magister: Built in the 14th century it was the home of the Grand Magister and a place for the assembly of the order. The core was the outside yard with the arches; it was a place of multiple uses (cooking, stables). The basements were used as a shelter for civilians in times of Siege. The palace had 17 roomswhich were named in relation to the decorations and the mosaics. See the palace on the map here

Monastery of Panagia Tsampika: A Byzantine monastery near Lindos. The saint is believed to be the protector of the pregnant women. Even today women with fertility problems climb on their knees to the monastery whilst others promise their unborn children there. That is the reason that the name Tsampikos is found often in the village. See monastery of Panagia Tsampika on the map here

Temple of the Holy trinity in the knights street: Built by St John Knights 1365-74 AD. It is a Roman Catholic temple; in the entrance you can find the emblem of the Roman Catholic Church. In an arc there is a representation of the holy throne of grace which is a rare sample to be found in Greece.

Temple of St Catherine: Three room temple with frescoes of the 14th century. It lies in the Jewish part of the medieval city of Rhodes. It was the first temple that Souleiman the great transformed into a mosque.

Temple of the Holy trinity in Demosthenes Street: excellent frescoes of the local shool dated on the 16th and 17th century. The west frescoes show scenes from the book of Genesis of the old testimony which is not usual in temples of the same period in Greece.

Read 1655 times Last modified on Monday, 08 August 2011 18:45