The Minoan settlement of Acrotiri is built in the southern part of the island near the coast that faces Crete, which was ideal for sailing at Minoan times. As it can be concluded from the findings the inhabitants developed shipping, fishing, agriculture and livestock. In the area ceramic vases were discovered as well as many Cretan vases which lead to comparative studies with the Vases of Thira in order to show when they were made. The Minoan residents of Thira were able to built three story houses made of wood and clay. In the large constructions there are frescoes in the walls which have nature as their theme.
Ancient Thira: The Dorians that settled the island during the first millennium BC did not settle in the previous Minoan positions and built their town in the cliffy plateau of Mesa Vouno. A position that did not need fortification works. The space of the ancient city was about 800 X 300 meters. The most important building in the city was Vasileios Stoa a big rectangular building that it was repaired during emperor Traianos times. In Ancient Thera there was an ancient theater that was expanded during Roman times as well as several temples.
The Necropolis of Sellada: it was discovered during the 19th century by German archeologists who excavated parts of cemeteries of the 7th and 8th century BC. The most important finding of the Necropolis is a marble woman statue that has a height of 2,30 meters (8 feet) and a wight of 750 kg (1653 pounds) and it is dated around 640 BC. The statue was discovered in excellent condition during excavations in November 2000.
Funerary monument of St. Nikolas Marmaritis: In Emporeio a monument of helenistic times (that was converted in to a Christian temple) was discovered. The Christian temple was named marmaritis because it is built of marble. The ancient building is dated around 3rd century BC, it is square shaped and its roof is placed in three one stone columns. The ancient temple was dedicated to goddess Vasileia.