MIlos is a volcanic island with numerous beaches. Its is located in the south west end of the Cyclades complex of islands and has an area of 156 square km. The island has a horseshoe shape and in its north part the bay of MIlos is formed with its port and islands capital Adamantas. The bay is one of the safest anchorages in the Mediterranean. The anaglyph of the island is smooth on the east side with the highest spot not exceeding 200 meters, whilst the west part is more intense with its highest peak Profitis Ilias at 751 meters. Milos underground is rich in mineral wealth with volcanic rocks that are used as structural materials, obsidian, clay, bentonite, perlite
and manganese deposits as well as gypsum and other minerals.
There is evidence that the island was inhabited from the first half of the 8th millenium, the first reported inhabitants of the island were Phynicians and Kares. The island was greatly influenced by the Minoan civilization and later on by the Mycenaean. In the end of the second millenium BC a colony was formed by Dorians in the position of the today’s Klima. The colony was named Fylakopi and was an important center of the Cycladic civilization. IN the naval battle of Salamina Milos stood in the side of the Greeks but was later destroyed by
the Athenias because it did not goined the Athenian coalition. In the Hellenistic period it was under the command of Macedonians until 311 BC. It the belonged in the Ptolemaic Egypt where it flourished and remained flourished also during the Roman conquest. Important mansions were built during the Roman conquest with beautiful mosaics. During Byzantine times it belonged to the theme of Aegean and in 1204 AD it passed under Venetian occupation and belonged to the duchy of Naxos and it then passed to the Ottoman Empire. Pirates used the island as a base in order to attact the ships that filled the siege of Handakas (middle 17th century AD). In 1771-74 AD there was a brief Russian occupation. In 1830 the island was united with the Greek state. During World War 1 the island was a base for th British – French fleet. A large part of the population after the war migrated to Athens and to the United states due to economic difficulties.